Main  Contacts  
Table of contents
PREFACE
THE MOTHER AND HER CHILD-1.1
THE MOTHER AND HER CHILD-1.2
THE MOTHER AND HER CHILD-1.3
THE MOTHER AND HER CHILD-1.4
THE MOTHER AND HER CHILD-1.5
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.1
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.2
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.3
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.4
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.5
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.6
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.7
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.8
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.9
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.10
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.11
SEXUAL EDUCATION AND NAKEDNESS-3.1
SEXUAL EDUCATION AND NAKEDNESS-3.2
SEXUAL EDUCATION AND NAKEDNESS-3.3
SEXUAL EDUCATION AND NAKEDNESS-3.4
THE VALUATION OF SEXUAL LOVE-4.1
THE VALUATION OF SEXUAL LOVE-4.2
THE VALUATION OF SEXUAL LOVE-4.3
THE VALUATION OF SEXUAL LOVE-4.4
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.1
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.2
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.3
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.4
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.5
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.6
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.1
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.2
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.3
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.4
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.5
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.6
PROSTITUTION-7.1
PROSTITUTION-7.2
PROSTITUTION-7.3
PROSTITUTION-7.4
PROSTITUTION-7.5
PROSTITUTION-7.6
PROSTITUTION-7.7
PROSTITUTION-7.8
PROSTITUTION-7.9
PROSTITUTION-7.10
PROSTITUTION-7.11
PROSTITUTION-7.12
PROSTITUTION-7.13
PROSTITUTION-7.14
PROSTITUTION-7.15
FOOTNOTES-1
FOOTNOTES-2

our society of equality," wrote Goncourt, recalling somewhat earlier days 

when she was often admitted to a place in the family life, "has become 

nothing but a paid pariah, a machine for doing household work, and is no 

longer allowed to share the employer's human life."[205] And in England, 

even half a century ago, we already find the same statements concerning 

the servant's position: "domestic service is a complete slavery," with 

early hours and late hours, and constant running up and down stairs till 

her legs are swollen; "an amount of ingenuity appears too often to be 

exercised, worthy of a better cause, in obtaining the largest possible 

amount of labor out of the domestic machine"; in addition she is "a kind 

of lightning conductor," to receive the ill-temper and morbid feelings of 

her mistress and the young ladies; so that, as some have said, "I felt so 

miserable I did not care what became of me, I wished I was dead."[206] The 

servant is deprived of all human relationships; she must not betray the 

existence of any simple impulse, or natural need. At the same time she 

lives on the fringe of luxury; she is surrounded by the tantalizing 

visions of pleasure and amusement for which her fresh young nature 

craves.[207] It is not surprising that, repelled by unrelieved drudgery 

and attracted by idle luxury, she should take the plunge which will alone 

enable her to enjoy the glittering aspects of civilization which seem so 

desirable to her.[208] 

 

It is sometimes stated that the prevalence of prostitution among 

girls who were formerly servants is due to the immense numbers of 

servants who are seduced by their masters or the young men of the 

family, and are thus forced on to the streets. Undoubtedly in a 

certain proportion of cases, perhaps sometimes a fairly 

considerable proportion, this is a decisive factor in the matter, 

but it scarcely seems to be the chief factor. The existence of 

relationships between servants and masters, it must be 

remembered, by no means necessarily implies seduction. In a 

large number of cases the servant in a household is, in sexual 

matters, the teacher rather than the pupil. (In "The Sexual 

Impulse in Women," in the third volume of these _Studies_, I have 

discussed the part played by servants as sexual initiators of the 

young boys in the households in which they are placed.) The more 

precise statistics of the causes of prostitution seldom assign 

seduction as the main determining factor in more than about 

twenty per cent. of cases, though this is obviously one of the 

most easily avowable motives (see _ante_, p. 256). Seduction by 

any kind of employer constitutes only a proportion (usually less 

than half) even of these cases. The special case of seduction of 

servants by masters can thus play no very considerable part as a 

factor of prostitution. 

 

The statistics of the parentage of illegitimate children have 

some bearing on this question. In a series of 180 unmarried 

mothers assisted by the Berlin Bund fuer Mutterschutz, particulars 

are given of the occupations both of the mothers, and, as far as 

possible, of the fathers. The former were one-third 

servant-girls, and the great majority of the remainder assistants 

in trades or girls carrying on work at home. At the head of the 

fathers (among 120 cases) came artisans (33), followed by 

tradespeople (22); only a small proportion (20 to 25) could be 

described as "gentlemen," and even this proportion loses some of 

its significance when it is pointed out that some of the girls 

were also of the middle-class; in nineteen cases the fathers were 


Page 3 from 6:  Back   1   2  [3]  4   5   6   Forward