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Table of contents
PREFACE
THE MOTHER AND HER CHILD-1.1
THE MOTHER AND HER CHILD-1.2
THE MOTHER AND HER CHILD-1.3
THE MOTHER AND HER CHILD-1.4
THE MOTHER AND HER CHILD-1.5
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.1
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.2
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.3
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.4
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.5
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.6
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.7
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.8
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.9
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.10
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.11
SEXUAL EDUCATION AND NAKEDNESS-3.1
SEXUAL EDUCATION AND NAKEDNESS-3.2
SEXUAL EDUCATION AND NAKEDNESS-3.3
SEXUAL EDUCATION AND NAKEDNESS-3.4
THE VALUATION OF SEXUAL LOVE-4.1
THE VALUATION OF SEXUAL LOVE-4.2
THE VALUATION OF SEXUAL LOVE-4.3
THE VALUATION OF SEXUAL LOVE-4.4
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.1
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.2
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.3
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.4
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.5
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.6
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.1
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.2
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.3
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.4
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.5
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.6
PROSTITUTION-7.1
PROSTITUTION-7.2
PROSTITUTION-7.3
PROSTITUTION-7.4
PROSTITUTION-7.5
PROSTITUTION-7.6
PROSTITUTION-7.7
PROSTITUTION-7.8
PROSTITUTION-7.9
PROSTITUTION-7.10
PROSTITUTION-7.11
PROSTITUTION-7.12
PROSTITUTION-7.13
PROSTITUTION-7.14
PROSTITUTION-7.15
FOOTNOTES-1
FOOTNOTES-2

 

There can be no doubt that, on the whole, modern civilized 

communities are beginning to realize that under the social and 

economic conditions now tending more and more to prevail, they 

must in their own interests insure that the mother's best energy 

and vitality are devoted to the child, both before and after its 

birth. They are also realizing that they cannot carry out their 

duty in this respect unless they make adequate provision for the 

mothers who are thus compelled to renounce their employment in 

order to devote themselves to their children. We here reach a 

point at which Individualism is at one with Socialism. The 

individualist cannot fail to see that it is at all cost necessary 

to remove social conditions which crush out all individuality; 

the Socialist cannot fail to see that a society which neglects to 

introduce order at this central and vital point, the production 

of the individual, must speedily perish. 

 

It is involved in the proper fulfilment of a mother's relationship to her 

infant child that, provided she is healthy, she should suckle it. Of 

recent years this question has become a matter of serious gravity. In the 

middle of the eighteenth century, when the upper-class women of France had 

grown disinclined to suckle their own children, Rousseau raised so loud 

and eloquent a protest that it became once more the fashion for a woman to 

fulfil her natural duties. At the present time, when the same evil is 

found once more, and in a far more serious form, for now it is not the 

small upper-class but the great lower-class that is concerned, the 

eloquence of a Rousseau would be powerless, for it is not fashion so much 

as convenience, and especially an intractable economic factor, that is 

chiefly concerned. Not the least urgent reason for putting women, and 

especially mothers, upon a sounder economic basis, is the necessity of 

enabling them to suckle their children. 

 

No woman is sound, healthy, and complete unless she possesses 

breasts that are beautiful enough to hold the promise of being 

functional when the time for their exercise arrives, and nipples 

that can give suck. The gravity of this question to-day is shown 

by the frequency with which women are lacking in this essential 

element of womanhood, and the young man of to-day, it has been 

said, often in taking a wife, "actually marries but part of a 

woman, the other part being exhibited in the chemist's shop 

window, in the shape of a glass feeding-bottle." Blacker found 

among a thousand patients from the maternity department of 

University College Hospital that thirty-nine had never suckled at 

all, seven hundred and forty-seven had suckled all their 

children, and two hundred and fourteen had suckled only some. 

The chief reason given for not suckling was absence or 

insufficiency of milk; other reasons being inability or 

disinclination to suckle, and refusal of the child to take the 

breast (Blacker, _Medical Chronicle_, Feb., 1900). These results 

among the London poor are certainly very much better than could 

be found in many manufacturing towns where women work after 

marriage. In the other large countries of Europe equally 

unsatisfactory results are found. In Paris Madame Dluska has 

shown that of 209 women who came for their confinement to the 

Clinique Baudelocque, only 74 suckled their children; of the 135 

who did not suckle, 35 were prevented by pathological causes or 

absence of milk, 100 by the necessities of their work. Even those 

who suckled could seldom continue more than seven months on 


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